The marshmallow experiment is a well-known experiment in the field of child psychology, which remains relatively in-class from the recently published repeatability test.
Psychologist Walter Mischel, a psychologist from Stanford University in the 1960s, observed that children aged between 3 and 5 years, who were told to be given a second candy, would not be able to postpone this confection if they were not eating for 15 minutes. and those children who can postpone pleasure (ie, the ego’s suppression of the id according to freud), in other words, the children who are self-regulating, self-regulating, self-regulating, and able to waive the sense of strong-will, In their follow-up studies, at the age of 15, they claimed that both their academic achievement and their cognitive capacities were higher than the children who ate the candy. In other words, it was shown that there was a significant correlation on the scientific / statistical scale between the age of 3-5 and the determination of not to eat the confection for 15 minutes and the higher level of academic and cognitive competence at the age of 15.
in this experiment, the social output in the field of education and family / parenting has become an important result. As a matter of fact, in children’s development, education in early years, pedagogical formation, parenting / adult education, middle-class and high-income families in the early years, children’s autocontrol and self-control skills in the early years of support for the importance of future message for children and family, a message spread to all the media. In fact, today, it is partly based on the conclusion of this experiment that the goal of bringing children to school between 3 and 7 years of age is to gain self-control skills in the field of social-emotional development is one of the most fundamental components of education programs in almost all developed countries. In other words, as a message of this experiment, the message ve Strengthen the children’s will to be more successful in the future, develop their self-control ın turned into various social outcomes, such as a basic component that builds and implements training programs for parents in the middle and high-income class. The experiment has been performed in the last 30 years, new experiments have been carried out on it, conversations have been made on various kinds of media, the experiments have been transferred to countless people in the courses of psychology programs and so the experiment has become a cult. as a personal footnote; a critical point is that a child living in severe abstinence can postpone eating a confectionery that is placed in front of him.
in fact, the need to try so much more than the most recent repetition published in the new study was understood. The experiment, led by Tyler Watts from New York University, was repeated last year with around 1,000 children. and the results showed that the children who ate the candy at 54 months of age and who didn’t show the will or not, when they reached 15 years of age, the difference between their academic achievement and mental capacity was not seen most of the time and it was quite limited when seen. the ability to autocontrol and postpone pleasure was not stable during human development. One of the most important nuances is the level of mother education and the level of intelligence of the child is controlled, this connection is almost destroyed.
that is to say: a 4-year-old to postpone the pleasure of a 15-year-old academic and cognitive competence, the environment in which the child lives (mother education level, etc.) and does not affect the level of intelligence. whether or not a child shows will and the effect of this on future life is much more conditioned by the changing conditions of the environment (social-cultural conditions) and human biology (intelligence).
Support your child to develop autocontrol, of course, an important skill that must be supported in the ability of self-control and willpower. however, for the future success of your child, enrich, regulate and change the environment in which the child lives. intelligence? They say it hasn’t changed much. it is a little fate fortune.